Keywords: Wu-yi mountain. Wu-yi Nine Bends. Boating song. Zhu Xi. Landscape. Culture
Wu-yi is a famous mountain located in the southern part of China. There is a record shown in the “Shi Ji.Feng Chan Shu” using dried fish as an offering to Wu-yi Jun( Gods of Wu-yi mountain). People believed that the Wu-yi Jun were Peng Zu Qian Keng’s two sons: the first son being “Wu” while the second son was “Yi”; and that both of them took charge in military and death related issues. The Taoist revered Wu-yi Mountain and believed it to be the “Sixteenth Dong Tian”. During the Sui and Tang dynasties, Wu-yi Mountain was regarded as the holy land of Buddhism as well.
In 1183, Neo-Confucianist Zhu Xi (1130-1200) built a villa in Wu-yi mountain and called it “Wu-yi Jing She”. He conducted lectures and provided enriching thinking to his followers for more than ten years, which has subsequently benefitted more than two hundred students. In 1184, Zhu Xi composed the “Wu-yi Nine Bends” to express his appreciation for Wu-yi mountains and scenery.
There were other poets after Zhu Xi who wrote about “Wu-yi Boating Songs”, some of them include Xin Qi Ji, Ou Yang Guang Zu and Fang Yu. According to the contents in “Wu-yi Boating Songs”, they describe the beauty of “Wu-yi Nine Bends”. This paper aims to analyze how “Wu-yi Boating Songs” in the Song Dynasty were used to describe the “Wu-yi Nine Bends”, as well as the myths, folk tales and the cultural implication of the Neo-Confucian thinking in “Wu-yi Boating Songs”.